The Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame was founded in 1996 by the
City Science Fiction and Fantasy Society and the J.
Wayne and Elsie M. Gunn Center for the Study of Science Fiction at
the University of Kansas. Each year from 1996-2004, the Hall of Fame honored
four individuals on the basis of their continued excellence and long-time
contribution to the science fiction and fantasy field.
The final year of inductions was 2004, when Brian Aldiss andHarry Harrison were inducted into the Hall of Fame with Mary Shelley, and E. E. "Doc" Smith being inducted posthumously. Following that year, inductions are made into the renamed Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame in Seattle. The new Hall of Fame emphasizes only science fiction and expands the Hall of Fame to recognize artists and motion picture professionals while reducing the emphasis on authors. There is no present Hall of Fame for the writers of fantasy.
Each year's inductions in the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame took place in Kansas during the Campbell Conference at the University of Kansas in early July. The annual Campbell Conference and its presentions of the the John Campbell Award for best SF novel of the year, and the Theodore Sturgeon Award for best short science fiction of the year continues. Details of the Campbell weekend are available at http://www.ku.edu/~sfcenter/campbell-conference.htm
Brian Aldiss' (1925) first publication was "Criminal Record" in Science Fantasy in 1954. Since then he has written over forty novels and over 300 short stories. He has also written poetry and highly acclaimed critical works. A resident of the United Kingdom, Mr. Aldiss has won the Hugo Award, Nebula Award, British Science Fiction Award, and John W. Campbell Memorial Award. He was honored as SFWA Grand Master in 1999 and has three times been Guest of Honor or Toastmaster of the World Science Fiction Convention.
Harry Harrison's (1925) professional writing career spans fifty years. He began as an artist and writer of comics in the 1940s. His first novel Deathworld and its sequels were and still are very popular. His most popular series features The Stainless Steel Rat. In the 1990s the West of Eden trilogy marked a new phase in Harrison's career. Along the way, he edited dozens of science fiction anthologies. With Brian Aldiss he founded the John W. Campbell Award.
Mary Shelley's (1797-1851) Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus is considered by some to be the first science fiction novel. Her other early science fiction includes several short stories and the novel The Last Man.
E. E. "Doc" Smith (1890-1965) was one of the most popular authors of "space opera." His two most successful series were the Skylark series which began with Skylark of Space and the Lensman series which began with Triplanetary. He wrote nearly 30 novels, mostly in the 1930s and 1940s, though his writing continued until his death in 1965.
Wilson Tucker (1914-2006) contributed to many aspects of genre Science Fiction. He is the author of 60 short stories and novels, including the Campbell Award winning The Year of the Quiet Sun. The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writer's of America selected him as the second person to honor as Author Emeritus. He has been a convention runner, and as "Bob" Tucker is well loved as a convention guest and fanzine writer. A special edition of Tucker's The Neo-Fan's Guide to Science Fiction Fandom was published as a fund raiser for the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame.
Kate Wilhelm (1928) has been publishing science fiction since 1956. Her Hugo Award winning Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang brought attention to her and the genre from outside the science fiction field and helped to raise a generation's consciousness. A writing educator, she founded the Milford Science Fiction Writers' Conference and the Clarion Science Fiction Writers' Workshop, with her husband Damon Knight.
Damon Knight (1922-2002) was an fan, writer, editor, critic and writing teacher. His writing career spanned over 60 years, with his most famous work being the short story "To Serve Man." In addition to co-founding Milford and Clarion, he founded the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA) and was its first president.
Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950) was a prolific
author of fantasy, science fiction and crime novels. He is best known as
the creator of Tarzan of the Apes, who appeared in 26 novels,
and John Carter of Mars, who appeared in 11 novels.
Samuel R Delany (1942) has influenced many of the current generation of science fiction and fantasy writers, both directly thorough his teaching and indirectly though his writing. He has received 6 Hugo and Nebula Awards. He is presently a professor of English and Creative Writing at Temple University in Philadelphia.
Michael Moorcock (1939) was a magazine editor at the age of 15. He has been a pioneer in both writing and editing. His novels have won the Guardian Fiction Prize, the Nebula Award, the World Fantasy Award, and the British Fantasy Award.
James Blish (1921-1975) was one of the founders of genre science fiction, first as a member of the Futurians and following many years of writing, as one of the founders of Science Fiction & Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). He received 2 Nebula Awards and 2 Hugos, as well as other awards. The James Blish award for criticism was created after his death.
Donald A. Wollheim (1914-1990) was an active early science fiction fan who began writing, but quickly moved into editing. He created the Ace double books and edited the first US science fiction anthology. After working as an editor for other publishing houses, he was cofounder of DAW books in 1971
Jack Vance (1916) has published nearly 90 novels and collections. His work was first published in 1945 and he is still active in the field. He has received every major genre award, including the Edgar Award, Hugo Award, Nebula Award World Fantasy Award, and SFWA Grand Master Award
Ursula K. Le Guin (1929) has published over eighty short stories, two collections of essays, ten books for children, several volumes of poetry, and nineteen novels Her many awards include the Boston Globe-Hornbook Award for juvenile fiction and the National Book Award for The Farthest Shore.
Alfred Bester (1913-1987) received the first Hugo Award best novel for The Demolished Man. It and The Stars my Destination are his best known works. In 1987 Science Fiction Writers of America honored him with their Grand Master Award.
Fritz Leiber (1910-1992) was a fine writer of supernatural horror fiction. He published 11 novels and nearly 200 short stories. He is best known for the adventures of Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser, a series which has been continued after his death, by Robin Wayne Bailey. Leiber was the second recipient of the World Fantasy Convention's Life Achievement Award.
Poul Anderson (1926-2001) published well over 100 novels over the last 50 years. He is a multiple Hugo and Nebula Award winner and was the 1997 SFWA Grand Master recipient.
Gordon R. Dickson (1923-2001) published over 80 novels and many short stories. His best known work is the Childe Cycle series of novels about the Dorsai. He ws the recipient of the Nebula Award and 3 Hugo Awards.
Theodore Sturgeon (1918-1985) was one of America's best short story writers. He wrote over 200 stories, several novels, and film and TV plays. His many literary awards include the Hugo, the Nebula, and the International Fantasy Award. The juried award for best short science fiction of the year is named in his honor.
Eric Frank Russell's (1905-1978) impact on the science fiction genre goes far beyond the relatively small volume of work (14 novels and 17 short works). 'The Forgotten Master,' his humor and insight touched readers in a way that few have matched. His short story "Allamagoosa" won the Hugo Award in 1955.
Ray Douglas Bradbury (1920) author, fan, poet, screenwriter and playwright , is one of the best known figures in the science fiction genre. Bradbury's work is as diverse as the novel Fahrenheit 451, the novel and play Dandelion Wine, and the screenplay to the movie Moby Dick. Bradbury has the rare ability to appeal equally to critics and fans.
Robert Silverberg (1935) has authored over 100 novels and edited over 70 anthologies. He published his first novel, Revolt on Alpha C, at age 19 and received the Hugo award for "most promising new author" two year later. This highly prolific author has contributed much the science fiction genre.
Jules Gabriel Verne (1825-1905) helped shape and found modern science fiction. This French author wrote 64 novels including such classics as Voyage au centre de la tere (Journey to the Center of the Earth), Vingt mille lieues sous les mers (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea) and LÕile mystérieuse (The Mysterious Island).
Abraham Merritt (1884-1943), author and editor, influenced many writers with his romantic adventure fantasies. His novels included The Moon Pool and People of the Pit. His most popular story, The Ship of Ishtar, was serialized in Argosy in 1924.
Hal Clement (1922-2003) is the pen name of Harry Clement Stubbs. He holds degrees in astronomy, chemistry and education, and was a high school science teacher for many years. His first publication was "Proof" in Astounding Science Fiction in 1942. His first novel, Needle was published in 1950, but his best known work is Mission of Gravity. Hal's works include particularly believable and carefully thought out alien races. He received a retro-Hugo award for his short story "Uncommon Sense" (ASF, 1945).
Frederik Pohl (1919) writer, editor and SF literary agent is a pivotal figure in the science fiction field, His many novels include GATEWAY (co-authored with C. M. Kornbluth, the John W. Campbell Memorial Award winning The Years of the City and Gateway, winner of the Hugo, Nebula and Campbell awards. Frederik was president of the Science Fiction Writers of America from 1974-1976 and received the SFWA Grand Master Award in 1992. He was one of the founders and the second President of World SF, the international association of science fiction professionals.
Catherine Lucille Moore (1911-1987) established her place in the SF field with her first work, "Shambleau" (Weird Tales, 1933), which introduced one of her most popular heroes, Northwest Smith. She wrote under many pseudonyms including Lewis Padgett, Lawrence O'Donnell and many of the works that appeared under the name of her husband, Henry Kuttner. She was a superior writer and a pioneer in the field of fantasy and science fiction. Her work has not received the attention that is deserves.
Robert Anson Heinlein (1907-1988) was arguably the most influential writer in the science fiction genre. He received 4 Hugo awards and the first SFWA Grand Master Award. His 31 novels are rarely out of print and include Starship Troopers, Stranger in a Strange Land and The Moon is a Harsh Mistress. Heinlein grew up in Kansas City, Missouri and was honored as the Guest of Honor at the Kansas City World Science Fiction Convention in 1976 (MidAmericon) and two other World Science Fiction Conventions.
Andre Norton (1912-2005) entered the field through children's science fiction and fantasy . Although much of her work has been marketed to children and young adults, its themes and complexity appeal to a larger adult market. In 1984 she became the only woman to be honored with the Nebula Grand Master Award.
Arthur C. Clarke (1917) has been honored with the Nebula Grand Master Award and several Hugo awards. The award for the best science fiction novel in the United Kingdom is named the Arthur C. Clarke Award in his honor. His most famous work, 2001, is based on his earlier short story, "The Sentinel."
Herbert George Wells (1866-1946) is one of the founding fathers of science fiction. His best known work is The Time Machine. He published over 60 books and wrote the screen plays for many of the movies based on his work.
Isaac Asimov (1920-1992) was one of the most influential writers of science fiction's "Golden Age." He published 400 books including science fiction and mysteries, and subjects from science to the bible. Asimov won every major award in the science fiction genre.
Jack Williamson (1908-2006) has been continuously active in the genre since 1928. Although best known for his fiction, his autobiographical Wonder's Child: My Life in Science Fiction won a Hugo award in 1985. He received the SFWA Grand Master award in 1976, the Pilgrim Award of SFRA in 1973, and served as SFWA President in 1978-80. John Clute says of Williamson, "In his work and in his life, he has encompassed the field.
A. E. van Vogt's (1912-2000) science fiction career began with the short story, "Black Destroyer" published in Astounding Science Fiction in 1939. He was one of the creators of John W. Campbell Jr.'s Golden Age of Science Fiction. Earlier in 1996, van Vogt received the Grand Master Award from the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. His best known novels are Slan and The World of Null-A.
John W. Campbell Jr. (1910-1971) began his writing career in the early 1930s. His most popular work is "Who Goes There?" which was filmed as The Thing in 1951 and 1982. Campbell's greatest contribution to the field was as a magazine editor, where he discovered Isaac Asimov, Lester Del Rey, Robert A. Heinlein, Theodore Sturgeon and A. E. van Vogt. During his tenure as editor, Astounding Science Fiction received seven Hugo awards.
Hugo Gernsback (1884-1967) founded many magazines about science and/or science fiction and has been called "The Father of Magazine Science Fiction." His first magazine was Modern Electrics, where he published his novel 124C 41+ in 1911. Gernsback founded Amazing Stories in 1926 and Science Wonder Stories and Air Wonder Stories in 1929, which he combined into Wonder Stories.